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Science Daily Weather
Jun 10, 2021

Ocean microplastics: First global view shows seasonal changes and sources
An estimated 8 million tons of plastic trash enters the ocean each year, and most of it is battered by sun and waves into microplastics -- tiny flecks that can ride currents hundreds or thousands of miles from their point of entry.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 10, 2021

Study of Hurricane Harvey flooding aids in quantifying climate change
Researchers used a hydraulic model to consider the degree to which human-caused climate change may have affected flooding in Houston in 2017 during Hurricane Harvey. Resources were used to quantify the increase in Houston flood area and depth and to host a portal where other scientists and the public can access and explore the resulting data.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 10, 2021

Improved climate resilience through better seasonal forecasts
Lack of water, floods, or crop losses: As a result of climate change, pronounced periods of drought and rainfall are causing human suffering and major economic damage. Precise seasonal forecasts can help to mitigate these consequences. A research team has now been able to improve global forecasts using statistical methods so that they can be used on the regional level.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 10, 2021

The rocky road to accurate sea-level predictions
The type of material present under glaciers has a big impact on how fast they slide towards the ocean. Scientists face a challenging task to acquire data of this under-ice landscape. Choosing the wrong equations for the under-ice landscape can have the same effect on the predicted contribution to sea-level rise as a warming of several degrees, according to researchers.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 09, 2021

Warmer temperatures lessen COVID-19 spread, but control measures still needed, study finds
New research shows transmission of the virus behind COVID-19 varies seasonally, but warmer conditions are not enough to prevent transmission.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 09, 2021

Corals' natural 'sunscreen' may help them weather climate change
Scientists are one step closer to understanding why some corals can weather climate change better than others, and the secret could be in a specific protein that produces a natural sunscreen.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 07, 2021

Turning off lights can save migrating birds from crashing into buildings
Forty years of data came together to show just how many birds can be saved by buildings turning their lights off. Using decades' worth of data and birds, researchers found that on nights when half the windows were darkened, there were 11 times fewer bird collisions during spring migration and 6 times fewer collisions during fall migration than when all the windows were lit.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 07, 2021

Conserving coastal seaweed: A must have for migrating sea birds
Ecologists are urging coastal communities to embrace all that the season brings, including the sometimes-unwelcome deposits of brown seaweed that can accumulate on the southern shores.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 03, 2021

Arctic sea ice thinning faster than expected
Sea ice thickness is inferred by measuring the height of the ice above the water, and this measurement is distorted by snow weighing the ice floe down. Scientists adjust for this using a map of snow depth in the Arctic that is decades out of date. In the new study, researchers swapped this map for the results of a new computer model designed to estimate snow depth as it varies year to year.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 03, 2021

Which way does the solar wind blow?
High performance computers are central to the quest to understand the sun's behavior and its role in space weather events. Scientists are using the Frontera supercomputer to improve the state-of-the-art in space weather forecasting. Researchers described the role of backstreaming pickup ions in the acceleration of charged particles in the universe, which play an important role in space weather.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 03, 2021

Are wind farms slowing each other down?
Many countries promote the expansion of wind farms. However, if these offshore wind farms are set up close to each other, wind energy and hence electricity yield is reduced. A study shows that the losses with increasing offshore wind energy production will be considerable and detectable as large scale pattern of reduced wind speed around wind farms.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 03, 2021

Polar vortex, winter heat may change bird populations
Researchers set out to learn how extreme winter cold and heat affected 41 common bird species in eastern North America. They found that individual bird species respond differently to these weather events, and extreme winter heat may lead to longer-term changes in bird populations.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 02, 2021

Record-breaking temperatures more likely in populated tropics
New research shows that most extreme heat events are going to occur in the tropics rather than the poles.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 02, 2021

Less aviation during the global lockdown had a positive impact on the climate, study finds
High levels of aviation drive global warming, not only through greenhouse gas emissions, but also through additional clouds, researchers conclude in a new study.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 01, 2021

Californian smoke drifted as far as Europe in 2020 and caused heavy clouding of sun
The smoke from the extreme forest fires on the US West Coast in September 2020 travelled over many thousands of kilometers to Central Europe, where it continued to affect the atmosphere for days afterwards. A comparison of ground and satellite measurements now shows: The forest fire aerosol disturbed the free troposphere over Leipzig in Germany as never before.

Science Daily Weather
May 31, 2021

Newly discovered African 'climate seesaw' drove human evolution
A scientific consortium has found that ancient El Niño-like weather patterns were the primary drivers of environmental change in sub-Saharan Africa over the last 620 thousand years - the critical time-frame for the evolution of our species. The group found that these ancient weather patterns had more profound impacts in sub-Saharan Africa than glacial-interglacial cycles more commonly linked to human evolution.

Science Daily Weather
May 31, 2021

Global warming already responsible for one in three heat-related deaths
Between 1991 and 2018, more than a third of all deaths in which heat played a role were attributable to human-induced global warming, according to a new article.

Science Daily Weather
May 26, 2021

Record-shattering 2020 trans-Atlantic dust storm
Researchers parsing the mechanism that in June 2020 transported a massive dust plume from Saharan Africa to the Caribbean and U.S. Gulf Coast.

Science Daily Weather
May 20, 2021

Swifts set new record for swiftness
Swifts aren't called 'swifts' for nothing. They're known for being among the fastest migrating small birds around. When they aren't breeding, common swifts stay in the air most of the time -- up to 10 months of the year. Scientists had thought they travel about 500 kilometers per day on average. Now, new evidence shows that's a conservative estimate.

Science Daily Weather
May 19, 2021

Groundwater monitoring with seismic instruments
How can we determine how empty or full the soil reservoir is in areas that are difficult to access? Researchers have now demonstrated an elegant method to track groundwater dynamics in high mountains: They use seismic waves.

Science Daily Weather
May 18, 2021

Why some pockets of conifer survive repeated forest fires
Researchers say topographic templates' can help forest conservation managers develop strategies for protecting and restoring the most fire-resistant parts of vulnerable forests across a range of ecosystems.

Science Daily Weather
May 13, 2021

Antarctic ice sheet retreat could trigger chain reaction
The Antarctic ice sheet was even more unstable in the past than previously thought, and at times possibly came close to collapse, new research suggests.

Science Daily Weather
May 10, 2021

In soil, high microbial fluctuation leads to more carbon emissions
Modeling shows fluctuating soil microbial populations impact how much carbon is released from soil.

Science Daily Weather
May 07, 2021

New gauge on weather forecasts
Studies of long-term hydro-climatic patterns provide fresh insights into the causes of Australia's strong climate variability which affect extreme wet or dry weather and other conditions vital to water supply, agriculture, the environment and the nation's future.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 28, 2021

Using cosmic-ray neutron bursts to understand gamma-ray bursts from lightning
Analysis of data from a lightning mapper and a small, hand-held radiation detector has unexpectedly shed light on what a gamma-ray burst from lightning might look like - by observing neutrons generated from soil by very large cosmic-ray showers.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 23, 2021

Radar satellites can better protect against bushfires and floods
New research has revealed how radar satellites can improve the ability to detect, monitor, prepare for and withstand natural disasters in Australia including bushfires, floods and earthquakes.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 21, 2021

The intricate dance between waves, wind, and gliding pelicans explored
It's a common sight: pelicans gliding along the waves, right by the shore. These birds make this kind of surfing look effortless, but actually the physics involved that give them a big boost are not simple. Researchers have recently developed a theoretical model that describes how the ocean, the wind and the birds in flight interact.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 21, 2021

The wave beneath their wings
It's a common sight: pelicans gliding along the waves, right by the shore. These birds make this kind of surfing look effortless, but actually the physics involved that give them a big boost are not simple. Researchers have recently developed a theoretical model that describes how the ocean, the wind and the birds in flight interact.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 20, 2021

Can extreme melt destabilize ice sheets?
Researchers have deciphered a trove of data that shows one season of extreme melt can reduce the Greenland Ice Sheet's capacity to store future meltwater - and increase the likelihood of future melt raising sea levels.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 19, 2021

Humans are directly influencing wind and weather over North Atlantic
A new study provides evidence that humans are influencing wind and weather patterns across the eastern United States and western Europe by releasing CO2 and other pollutants into Earth's atmosphere.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 15, 2021

AI pinpoints local pollution hotspots using satellite images
Researchers have developed a method that uses machine learning, satellite imagery and weather data to autonomously find hotspots of heavy air pollution, city block by city block. The technique could be a boon for finding and mitigating sources of hazardous aerosols, studying the effects of air pollution on human health, and making better informed, socially just public policy decisions.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 14, 2021

Climate change is making Indian monsoon seasons more chaotic
If global warming continues unchecked, summer monsoon rainfall in India will become stronger and more erratic. This is the central finding of an analysis by a team of researchers that compared more than 30 state-of-the-art climate models from all around the world. The study predicts more extremely wet years in the future - with potentially grave consequences for more than one billion people's well-being, economy, food systems and agriculture.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 13, 2021

Tremors triggered by typhoon talas tell tales of tumbling terrain
A new method was developed for high-resolution detection of landslides based on seismic data. This method was applied to detect landslides that occurred during the transit of Typhoon Talas across western Japan in 2011. Multiple landslides were detected and located, including one in Shizuoka Prefecture, 400 km east of the typhoon's track. The results show that large and small landslides may follow the same scaling relationships. This method may help develop landslide emergency alert technology.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 13, 2021

Snow chaos in Europe caused by melting sea-ice in the Arctic
The April snow falling on fruit blossoms in Europe these days may be directly connected to the loss of the sea ice in the Barents Sea in the Arctic.  That was definitely the case in 2018 when the sudden cold spell known as 'Beast from the East' descended on the mid-latitudes of the continent,  a new study shows.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 08, 2021

Mountain growth influences greenhouse effect
A group of researchers has taken advantage of different erosion rates and investigated how uplift and erosion of rocks determine the balance of carbon emissions and uptake. The surprising result: at high erosion rates, weathering processes release carbon dioxide; at low erosion rates, they sequester carbon from the atmosphere.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 08, 2021

Colorado River basin due for more frequent, intense hydroclimate events
In the vast Colorado River basin, climate change is driving extreme, interconnected events among earth-system elements such as weather and water.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 06, 2021

Droughts longer, rainfall more erratic over the last 50 years in most of Western US
Dry periods between rainstorms have become longer and more erratic across the West during the past 50 years. Total yearly rainfall has decreased by about four inches over the last five decades, with rain falling in fewer and sometimes larger storms, along with longer dry intervals between. The longest dry period in each year increased from 20 to 32 days.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 05, 2021

Lightning strikes will more than double in Arctic as climate warms
Scientists have detailed how Arctic lightning strikes stand to increase by about 100 percent over northern lands by the end of the century as the climate continues warming.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 05, 2021

New study ties solar variability to the onset of decadal La Nina events
A new study shows a correlation between the end of solar cycles and a switch from El Nino to La Nina conditions in the Pacific Ocean, suggesting that solar variability can drive seasonal weather variability on Earth.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 02, 2021

Scientists turn to deep learning to improve air quality forecasts
Air pollution from the burning of fossil fuels impacts human health but predicting pollution levels at a given time and place remains challenging, according to a team of scientists who are turning to deep learning to improve air quality estimates. Results of the team's study could be helpful for modelers examining how economic factors like industrial productivity and health factors like hospitalizations change with pollution levels.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 01, 2021

New promise of forecasting meteotsunamis
On the afternoon of April 13, 2018, a large wave of water surged across Lake Michigan and flooded the shores of the picturesque beach town of Ludington, Michigan, damaging homes and boat docks, and flooding intake pipes. Thanks to a local citizen's photos and other data, scientists reconstructed the event in models and determined this was the first ever documented meteotsunami in the Great Lakes caused by an atmospheric inertia-gravity wave.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 01, 2021

Climate change cut global farming productivity 21% since 1960s
Despite important agricultural advancements to feed the world in the last 60 years, a new study shows that global farming productivity has fallen 21% since the 1960s - the equivalent of losing about seven years of farm productivity increases - all due to climate change.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 31, 2021

Floating gardens as a way to keep farming despite climate change
Bangladesh's floating gardens, built to grow food during flood seasons, could offer a sustainable solution for parts of the world prone to flooding because of climate change, a new study has found.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 30, 2021

Factors that may predict next pandemic
New modeling identifies country-specific human and human-influenced environmental factors associated with disease outbreaks. A country's land area, human population density, and area of forest are associated with zoonotic diseases, like COVID-19. Human development index, average annual temperature, and health expenditure predict other kinds of disease.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 26, 2021

Climate change significantly increases population displacement risk
The risk of people being forced from their homes by flooding increases by half for each additional degree of global warming, as an international research team demonstrates.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 25, 2021

The case of the cloudy filters: Solving the mystery of the degrading sunlight detectors
Sun-facing satellites monitor the Sun's ultraviolet (UV) light to give us advance warning of solar storms. But over the course of just a year or two, the metal filters in the detectors mysteriously lose their ability to transmit UV light. Now, scientists have found the first evidence indicating that carbonization is not the problem.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 24, 2021

Once-in-a-century UK wildfire threats could happen most years by end of century
Researchers looked at current frequency of weather conditions in the UK that present 'very high' or 'exceptional' fire danger, and found these conditions could occur hundreds of times more often in some regions by the 2050s and 2080s as temperatures rise and summer rainfall decreases.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 24, 2021

Extreme temperatures, heat stress and forced migration
Heat extremes will lead to climate-induced waves of migration toward the cooler north.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 22, 2021

Explosive origins of 'secondary' ice and snow
Scientists publish new direct evidence that shattering drizzle droplets drive explosive 'ice multiplication' events. The findings have implications for weather forecasts, climate modeling, water supplies -- and even energy and transportation infrastructure.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 18, 2021

Effective interventions may prevent disease transmission in changing climate
Aedes aegypti are the primary vector for mosquito-borne diseases such as dengue fever. However, the effects of climate change-related weather anomalies on mosquito populations is not well understood. A new study suggests that early interventions may prevent disease transmission even as extreme climate events may increase the abundance of Ae. aegypti populations.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 18, 2021

How bushfire smoke traveled around the world
Scientists managed to track puzzling January and February 2020 spikes in a measure of particle-laden haze to bushfires, and then uncovered the 'perfect storm' of circumstances that swept the particles emitted from those fires into the upper atmosphere and spread them over the entire Southern Hemisphere.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 17, 2021

Modeling the probability of methane hydrate deposits on the seafloor
Researchers have developed a new system to model the likelihood of finding methane hydrate and methane gas that was tested in a region of seafloor off the coast of North Carolina.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 12, 2021

Farm-level study shows rising temperatures hurt rice yields
A long-term, farm-level study of the relationship between warmer temperatures and rice yields in the Philippines shows that rising temperatures adversely affect rice yields.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 11, 2021

How India's rice production can adapt to climate change challenges
As the global population grows, the demand for food increases while arable land shrinks. A new study investigates how rice production in India can meet future needs by adapting to changing climate conditions and water availability.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 11, 2021

The secrets of the best rainbows on Earth
An atmospheric scientist makes an impassioned case for Hawaii being the best place on Earth to experience the wonder of rainbows. He begins by highlighting the Hawaiian cultural significance of rainbows, he reviews the science of rainbows and the special combination of circumstances that makes Hawai'i a haven for rainbows.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 10, 2021

Fishers at risk in 'perfect storm'
Stormier weather will increasingly force fishers to choose between their safety and income, researchers say.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 09, 2021

Tropical cyclone exposure linked to rise in hospitalizations from many causes for older adults
An increase in overall hospitalizations was reported for older adults in the week following exposure to a tropical cyclone, according to a new study. Over 16,000 additional hospitalizations were associated with tropical cyclones over a ten-year average exposure. The day after tropical cyclones with hurricane-force winds respiratory disease hospitalizations doubled. This study is the first comprehensive investigation of the impact of hurricanes and other tropical cyclones on all major causes and sub-causes of hospitalizations.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 08, 2021

Northern Hemisphere summers may last nearly half the year by 2100
Without efforts to mitigate climate change, summers spanning nearly six months may become the new normal by 2100 in the Northern Hemisphere, according to a new study. The change would likely have far-reaching impacts on agriculture, human health and the environment, according to the study authors.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 03, 2021

Reconstructing historical typhoons from a 142-year record
A team of scientists has, for the first time, identified landfalls of tropical cyclones (TCs) in Japan for the period from 1877 to 2019; this knowledge will help prepare for future TC disasters.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 02, 2021

'Space hurricane' in Earth's upper atmosphere discovered
Analysis of observations made by satellites in 2014 has revealed a long-lasting 'space hurricane' -- a swirling mass of plasma several hundred kilometers above the North Pole, raining electrons instead of water.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 01, 2021

On calm days, sunlight warms the ocean surface and drives turbulence
In tropical oceans, a combination of sunlight and weak winds drives up surface temperatures in the afternoon, increasing atmospheric turbulence, unprecedented new observational data shows.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 01, 2021

Rocket launches reveal water vapor effect in upper atmosphere
Results of a 2018 multirocket launch will help scientists better understand the impact of more water vapor accumulating near the fringe of the Earth's atmosphere.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 01, 2021

Climate change threatens European forests
Well over half of Europe's forests are potentially at risk from windthrow, forest fire and insect attacks.

Science Daily Weather
Feb 25, 2021

Gulf Stream System at its weakest in over a millennium
Never before in over 1000 years the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC), also known as Gulf Stream System, has been as weak as in the last decades. Researchers compiled proxy data, reaching back hundreds of years to reconstruct the AMOC flow history. They found consistent evidence that its slowdown in the 20th century is unprecedented in the past millennium.

Science Daily Weather
Feb 25, 2021

Extreme melt on Antarctica's George VI ice shelf
Antarctica's northern George VI Ice Shelf experienced record melting during the 2019-2020 summer season compared to 31 previous summers of dramatically lower melt, a new study found. Using satellite observations that detect meltwater on top of the ice and within near-surface snow, the researchers found the most widespread melt of any season. Surface meltwater ponding is potentially dangerous to ice shelves because when these lakes drain, the ice fractures and may trigger ice-shelf break-up.

Science Daily Weather
Feb 24, 2021

Scientists begin building highly accurate digital twin of our planet
A digital twin of our planet is being designed to simulate Earth's climate system reaching into the future. It is a tool to support policy-?makers in taking appropriate measures to better prepare for extreme events.

Science Daily Weather
Feb 23, 2021

Alaska thunderstorms may triple with climate change
Warming temperatures will potentially alter the climate in Alaska so profoundly later this century that the number of thunderstorms will triple, increasing the risks of widespread flash flooding, landslides, and lightning-induced wildfires, new research finds.

Science Daily Weather
Feb 22, 2021

Traditional hydrologic models may misidentify snow as rain, new citizen science data shows
Normally, we think of the freezing point of water as 32°F - but in the world of weather forecasting and hydrologic prediction, that isn't always the case. In the Lake Tahoe region of the Sierra Nevada, the shift from snow to rain during winter storms may actually occur at temperatures closer to 39.5°F, according to new research from the Desert Research Institute (DRI), Lynker Technologies, and citizen scientists from the Tahoe Rain or Snow project.

Science Daily Weather
Feb 22, 2021

Future ocean warming boosts tropical rainfall extremes
Climate models predict that the difference between El Niño and La Niña related tropical rainfall will increase over the next 80 years, even though the temperature difference between El Niño and La Niña may change only very little in response to global warming. A new study uncovers the reasons for this surprising fact.

Science Daily Weather
Feb 22, 2021

New study on the forecasting of extreme rainfall events in Mediterranean countries
A new study identifies nine specific large-scale weather patterns that influence extreme precipitation over the Mediterranean. Making use of this connection between localized extremes and large-scale weather variability can help to better predict heavy rainfall up to three weeks ahead.

Science Daily Weather
Feb 19, 2021

How to calculate the social cost of carbon? Researchers offer roadmap in new analysis
The Biden administration is revising the social cost of carbon (SCC), a decade-old cost-benefit metric used to inform climate policy by placing a monetary value on the impact of climate change. In a newly published analysis, a team of researchers lists a series of measures the administration should consider in recalculating the SCC.

Science Daily Weather
Feb 17, 2021

Wintering bird communities track climate change faster than breeding communities in Europe and North America
A study recently completed in Europe and North America indicates that the composition of wintering and breeding bird communities changes in line with global warming. However, wintering bird communities are considerably faster at tracking the changing climate compared to breeding communities.

Science Daily Weather
Feb 12, 2021

Increasing hurricane intensity around Bermuda linked to rising ocean temperatures
New research shows that hurricane maximum wind speeds in the subtropical Atlantic around Bermuda have more than doubled on average over the last 60 years due to rising ocean temperatures in the region.

Science Daily Weather
Feb 09, 2021

Early Indian monsoon forecasts could benefit farmers
First ever in-depth analysis of ECMWF's latest seasonal forecasting system shows it accurately predicts Indian monsoon onset and rainfall, and could be used to avoid crop losses.

Science Daily Weather
Feb 08, 2021

Variable weather makes weeds harder to whack
From flooded spring fields to summer hailstorms and drought, farmers are well aware the weather is changing. It often means spring planting can't happen on time or has to happen twice to make up for catastrophic losses of young seedlings. It also means common pre-emergence herbicides are less effective.

Science Daily Weather
Feb 08, 2021

Potential for misuse of climate data a threat to business and financial markets
Climate information is at risk of being misconstrued and used inappropriately in financial reports and has the potential to expose businesses to significant risk, according to a new article.

Science Daily Weather
Feb 08, 2021

Climate change: Erratic weather slows down the economy
If temperature varies strongly from day to day, the economy grows less. Through these seemingly small variations climate change may have strong effects on economic growth. Researchers juxtaposed observed daily temperature changes with economic data from more than 1,500 regions worldwide over 40 years - with startling results.

Science Daily Weather
Feb 08, 2021

Better understanding the reasons behind Arctic's amplified warming
A professor is calling on scientists to conduct dedicated process studies and to share their data and research findings on Arctic warming. She stresses the importance of studying how aerosols and clouds interact, as these highly complex and poorly understood mechanisms play a key role in climate change, but are also strongly affected by it. According to her, the region is in rapid transition and scientists need to act to not run behind.

Science Daily Weather
Feb 04, 2021

California's rainy season starting nearly a month later than it did 60 years ago
The start of California's annual rainy season has been pushed back from November to December, prolonging the state's increasingly destructive wildfire season by nearly a month, according to new research. The study cannot confirm the shift is connected to climate change, but the results are consistent with climate models that predict drier autumns for California in a warming climate, according to the authors.

Science Daily Weather
Feb 02, 2021

COVID-19 lockdowns temporarily raised global temperatures, research shows
The lockdowns and reduced societal activity related to the COVID-19 pandemic affected emissions of pollutants in ways that slightly warmed the planet for several months last year, according to new research. The counterintuitive finding highlights the influence of airborne particles, or aerosols, that block incoming sunlight.

Science Daily Weather
Feb 02, 2021

How do electrons close to Earth reach almost the speed of light?
In the Van Allen radiation belts, electrons can reach almost the speed of light. Researchers have revealed conditions for such strong accelerations. They had demonstrated in 2020: during solar storm plasma waves play a crucial role. However, it remained unclear why ultra-relativistic electron energies are not achieved in all solar storms. They now show: extreme depletions of the background plasma density are crucial.

Science Daily Weather
Feb 01, 2021

Summer weather conditions influence winter survival of honey bees
Winter survival of honey bee colonies is strongly influenced by summer temperatures and precipitation in the prior year, according to researchers, who said their findings suggest that honey bees have a 'goldilocks' preferred range of summer conditions outside of which their probability of surviving the winter falls.

Science Daily Weather
Feb 01, 2021

Seafood: Much to glean when times are rough
Stable seafood consumption amongst the world's poorer coastal communities depends on their local habitat characteristics, which influences how they fish at different times of the year.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 28, 2021

Marine heatwaves becoming more intense, more frequent
When thick, the surface layer of the ocean acts as a buffer to extreme marine heating -- but a new study shows this 'mixed layer' is becoming shallower each year. The thinner it becomes, the easier it is to warm. The new work could explain recent extreme marine heatwaves, and point at a future of more frequent and destructive ocean warming events as global temperatures continue to climb.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 27, 2021

Researchers use car collisions with deer to study mysterious animal-population phenomena
By parsing data on weather, deer populations and deer-vehicle collisions in Wisconsin, investigators show spatial synchrony could be driving population cycles, rather than the reverse.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 25, 2021

Wetter weather affects composition, numbers of tiny estuarial phytoplankton
Extreme weather events, such as hurricanes and increased precipitation, affect both the amount and the composition of picophytoplankton in the Neuse River Estuary. The work is a first step in determining how a wetter climate may affect the estuarine ecosystem.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 21, 2021

Rocks show Mars once felt like Iceland
A comparison of chemical and climate weathering of sedimentary rock in Mars' Gale Crater indicate the region's mean temperature billions of years ago was akin to current conditions on Iceland.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 15, 2021

Scientists offer road map to improve environmental observations in the Indian Ocean
A group of more than 60 scientists have provided recommendations to improve the Indian Ocean Observing System (IndOOS), a basin-wide monitoring system to better understand the impacts of human-caused climate change in a region that has been warming faster than any other ocean.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 15, 2021

Intertropical Convergence Zone limits climate predictions in the tropical Atlantic
The strongest climate fluctuation on time scales of a few years is the so-called El Niño phenomenon, which originates in the Pacific. A similar circulation pattern exists in the Atlantic, which scientists have now studied in more detail. Their results contribute to a better understanding of this climate fluctuation and pose a challenge for prediction models.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 15, 2021

2020 tied for warmest year on record, NASA analysis shows
Earth's global average surface temperature in 2020 tied with 2016 as the warmest year on record, according to an analysis by NASA.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 14, 2021

Extreme fire weather
When the Thomas Fire raged through Ventura and Santa Barbara counties in December 2017, an earth science researcher was stunned by its severity. Burning for more than a month and scorching 440 square miles, the fire was then considered the worst in California's history.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 14, 2021

Human-induced climate change caused the northwestern Pacific warming record in August 2020
A new study revealed that the record-warm sea surface temperature over the northwestern Pacific in August 2020 could not be expected to occur without human-induced climate changes. Such extremely warm condition is likely to become a new normal climate in August by the mid-21st century, needing the prompt implementation of adaptation measures for anthropogenic global warming.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 14, 2021

Scientists discover the secret of Galápagos' rich ecosystem
New research has unlocked the mystery of how the Galápagos Islands, a rocky, volcanic outcrop, with only modest rainfall and vegetation, is able to sustain its unique wildlife habitats.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 13, 2021

Early COVID-19 lockdown in Delhi had less impact on urban air quality than first believed
The first COVID-19 lockdowns led to significant changes in urban air pollution levels around the world, but the changes were smaller than expected, a new study reveals.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 12, 2021

Climate change reduces the abundance and diversity of wild bees
Wild bees are more affected by climate change than by disturbances to their habitats, according to a team of researchers. The findings suggest that addressing land-use issues alone will not be sufficient to protecting these important pollinators.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 06, 2021

Will global warming bring a change in the winds? Dust from the deep sea provides a clue
Climate researchers describe a new method of tracking the ancient history of the westerly winds--a proxy for what we may experience in a future warming world.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 05, 2021

Drought of the century in the Middle Ages -- with parallels to climate change today?
The transition from the Medieval Warm Period to the Little Ice Age was apparently accompanied by severe droughts between 1302 and 1307 in Europe. Researchers write that the 1302-07 weather patterns display similarities to the 2018 weather anomaly, in which continental Europe experienced exceptional heat and drought.

Science Daily Weather
Jan 05, 2021

Imminent sudden stratospheric warming to occur, bringing increased risk of snow over coming weeks
A new study helps to shed light on the winter weather we may soon have in store following a dramatic meteorological event currently unfolding high above the North Pole.

Science Daily Weather
Dec 28, 2020

Surveys identify relationship between waves, coastal cliff erosion
Researchers have always known that waves were an important part of the cliff erosion process, but they haven't been able to separate the influence of waves and rain before. After decades of debate over the differing roles that both play, new findings provide an opportunity to improve forecasts.

Science Daily Weather
Dec 21, 2020

The upside of volatile space weather
Although stellar flares are typically viewed as a detriment to habitability, study shows 'life might still have a fighting chance.' Researchers find that flares drive a planets atmospheric composition to a new chemical equilibrium.

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