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Science Daily Weather
Sep 23, 2021

Coastal Northeastern US is a global warming hotspot; 2 degrees Celsius of summer warming has already occurred
New research reveals not only that the coastal Northeast -- from Maine to Delaware -- is heating faster than most regions of North America, but that this heating is linked to drastic alterations in the ocean and atmospheric conditions over the North Atlantic.

Science Daily Weather
Sep 23, 2021

Artificial intelligence may be set to reveal climate-change tipping points
Researchers are developing artificial intelligence that could assess climate change tipping points. The deep learning algorithm could act as an early warning system against runaway climate change.

Science Daily Weather
Sep 17, 2021

How do higher waves cause more ice clouds? Research expedition into arctic sea explains
Global warming is causing a rapid decline in sea-ice area, which affects weather patterns and, surprisingly, increases wave height in the Arctic. In a new study, Japanese scientists analyzed data from a 2018 research expedition into Chukchi Sea to demonstrate the peculiar link that exists between sea spray induced by high waves and the formation of ice-containing clouds. Their results pave the way for more accurate climate change and sea-ice models.

Science Daily Weather
Sep 15, 2021

Proactive conservation of New Zealand blue whales
Researchers have developed a method for forecasting the locations where a distinct population of New Zealand blue whales are most likely to occur up to three weeks in advance.

Science Daily Weather
Sep 14, 2021

Better weather forecasting through satellite isotope data assimilation
Real satellite water vapor isotope data were assimilated in a general circulation model to determine whether including these data could improve forecast accuracy at both the global and local scales. Overall, forecast accuracy was improved by several percentage points. The effect was especially notable for variables closely related to water vapor isotope fractionation, such as air temperature and specific humidity, and a local-scale pressure pattern over Japan in 2013 was modeled more clearly.

Science Daily Weather
Sep 13, 2021

Jet stream changes could amplify weather extremes by 2060s
The ribbon of fast winds familiar to air travelers between North America and Europe is a big influencer on weather in North America and Europe. By drilling deep into the Greenland Ice Sheet, researchers reconstructed the jet stream's past and found that climate-caused disruptions are likely to have drastic weather-related consequences for societies on both sides of the Atlantic.

Science Daily Weather
Sep 10, 2021

Past fires may hold key to reducing severity of future wildfires in western US
Previous fires may hold the key to predicting and reducing the severity of future wildfires in the western United States as fire activity continues to increase, according to researchers.

Science Daily Weather
Sep 10, 2021

Study explores link between earthquakes, rainfall and food insecurity in Nepal
The effects of monsoon rainfall on food insecurity in Nepal vary by earthquake exposure, with regions that experienced both heavy earthquake shaking and abundant rainfall more likely to have an inadequate supply of nutritious food, according to new research.

Science Daily Weather
Sep 09, 2021

Scientists solve mystery of icy plumes that may foretell deadly supercell storms
The most devastating tornadoes are often preceded by a cloudy plume of ice and water vapor billowing above a severe thunderstorm. New research reveals the mechanism for these plumes could be tied to 'hydraulic jumps' -- a phenomenon Leonardo Da Vinci observed more than 500 years ago.

Science Daily Weather
Sep 09, 2021

New insights into sea ice and climate change
A 170 m record of marine sediment cores extracted from Adélie Land in Antarctica is yielding new insights into the complicated relationship between sea ice and climate change.

Science Daily Weather
Sep 09, 2021

Ancient sea ice core sheds light on modern climate change
A 170 m record of marine sediment cores extracted from Adélie Land in Antarctica is yielding new insights into the complicated relationship between sea ice and climate change.

Science Daily Weather
Aug 31, 2021

Hidden factors that affect solar farms during severe weather
Researchers combined large sets of real-world solar data and advanced machine learning to study the impacts of severe weather on U.S. solar farms, and sort out what factors affect energy generation.

Science Daily Weather
Aug 31, 2021

Extreme sea levels to become much more common worldwide as Earth warms
A new study predicts that extreme sea levels -- exceptionally high seas due to the combination of tide, waves and storm surge -- along coastlines the world over will become 100 times more frequent by the end of the century in about half of the 7,283 locations studied.

Science Daily Weather
Aug 26, 2021

Artificial intelligence to help predict Arctic sea ice loss
A new AI (artificial intelligence) tool is set to enable scientists to more accurately forecast Arctic sea ice conditions months into the future. The improved predictions could underpin new early-warning systems that protect Arctic wildlife and coastal communities from the impacts of sea ice loss.

Science Daily Weather
Aug 25, 2021

In hot weather, outdoor laborers work less -- when economy is growing
A new analysis suggests that U.S. workers in industries that expose them to weather conditions work fewer hours per day when temperatures surpass 90 degrees Fahrenheit -- but only during periods of economic growth.

Science Daily Weather
Aug 24, 2021

Human, swine waste pose dual threats to water quality after flooding
A study that monitored surface waters in the wake of 2018's Hurricane Florence finds that waters contaminated by fecal bacteria were affected by both human and swine waste.

Science Daily Weather
Aug 23, 2021

Would we still have severe thunderstorms over North America if the Gulf of Mexico were filled in with land?
The eastern half of the U.S is one of the principal hot spots for severe thunderstorm activity, especially tornadoes, globally. The standard explanation for this outcome is the combination high terrain to the west and the Gulf of Mexico to the south. A new study largely overturns one half of this longstanding hypothesis.

Science Daily Weather
Aug 18, 2021

The fewer forests, the more space giant anteaters need, study finds
Giant anteaters living in less forested habitats make use of larger home ranges, according to a new study. This behavior may allow them to incorporate forest patches into their territory, the authors say.

Science Daily Weather
Aug 18, 2021

Bee flight suffers under temperature extremes
Rising temperatures could help some northern-latitude bees fly better, but more frequent extreme weather events could push them past their limits.

Science Daily Weather
Aug 13, 2021

July was Earth's hottest month on record: NOAA
July 2021 was the world's hottest month ever recorded, according to new global data released by NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information.

Science Daily Weather
Aug 13, 2021

Crop insurance and unintended consequences
A new study suggests that crop insurance serves as a disincentive for farmers to adopt climate change mitigation measures on their croplands.

Science Daily Weather
Aug 11, 2021

Protecting Earth from space storms
A major space weather event could have a catastrophic impact on Earth, disabling communications and electrical systems. Researchers are using the Frontera supercomputer to develop new geomagnetic forecasting methods and improve the Geospace Model used by NOAA for operational purposes. They hope to increase the lead time for space weather events from 30 minutes to 1-3 days, localize space weather forecasts, and provide uncertainty estimates.

Science Daily Weather
Aug 10, 2021

Researchers use artificial intelligence to unlock extreme weather mysteries
A new machine learning approach helps scientists understand why extreme precipitation days in the Midwest are becoming more frequent. It could also help scientists better predict how these and other extreme weather events will change in the future.

Science Daily Weather
Aug 10, 2021

How does a flood become a disaster?
What are the causes, patterns and effects of disastrous river flood? An international group of researchers has investigated this question in a recent review article. The short answer: It's complicated. What is certain, however, is that there is an opposing trend of property damage and personal injury. Since the 1990s, the number of fatalities from river floods has declined worldwide, but the amount of damage has risen sharply. The researchers attribute the decline in casualties to improved flood warning, technical protection measures and heightened hazard awareness.

Science Daily Weather
Aug 05, 2021

Solving solar puzzle could help save Earth from planet-wide blackouts
Understanding the Sun's magnetic dynamo could help predict solar weather, such as potentially dangerous geothermal storms, solar flares and sunspots. Mathematicians have proposed a new model of the Sun that matches observed data.

Science Daily Weather
Aug 05, 2021

Major Atlantic ocean current system might be approaching critical threshold
A major Atlantic ocean current -- the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, or AMOC -- may have been losing stability in the course of the last century, according to new research. A potential collapse of this ocean current system could have severe consequences.

Science Daily Weather
Aug 03, 2021

State of the science on western wildfires, forests and climate change
Seeing the urgent need for change, a team of scientists from leading research universities, conservation organizations and government laboratories across the West has produced a synthesis of the scientific literature that clearly lays out the established science and strength of evidence on climate change, wildfire and forest management for seasonally dry forests. The goal is to give land managers and others across the West access to a unified resource that summarizes the best-available science so they can make decisions about how to manage their landscapes.

Science Daily Weather
Jul 29, 2021

Understanding past climate change 'tipping points' can help us prepare for the future
Of all the creatures on Earth, humans manipulate their environments the most. But, how far can we push it before something drastic happens? Scientists are calling for a better understanding of past extreme climate change events in an attempt to anticipate future changes.

Science Daily Weather
Jul 27, 2021

The pulse of the Dead Sea
Researchers have for the first time demonstrated a direct link between the decrease in the Dead Sea's water table, evaporation and land subsidence.

Science Daily Weather
Jul 27, 2021

Bushfires, not pandemic lockdowns, had biggest impact on global climate in 2020
The devastating bushfires in Australia had a larger impact on the world's 2020 climate than the pandemic-related lockdowns, as plumes of smoke cooled global temperatures and pushed tropical thunderstorms northward. New research indicates that regional wildfires can have far-reaching climatic effects that are comparable to a major volcanic eruption.

Science Daily Weather
Jul 16, 2021

Climate change to bring more intense storms across Europe
Investigating how climate affects intense rainstorms across Europe, climate experts have shown there will be a significant future increase in the occurrence of slow-moving intense rainstorms. The scientists estimate that these slow-moving storms may be 14 times more frequent across land by the end of the century. It is these slow-moving storms that have the potential for very high precipitation accumulations, with devastating impacts, as we saw in Germany and Belgium.

Science Daily Weather
Jul 16, 2021

US corn and soybean maladapted to climate variations
U.S. corn and soybean varieties have become increasingly heat and drought resistant as agricultural production adapts to a changing climate. But the focus on developing crops for extreme conditions has negatively affected performance under normal weather patterns, a new study shows.

Science Daily Weather
Jul 14, 2021

No more cone? Psychology researchers offer better tool for visualizing hurricane danger
Researchers are working on an easily understood, science-backed way to visually represent hurricane danger to the general public. They contend that the cone of uncertainty creates a false sense of security for people who live outside the boundary of the cone and that there are better ways to signal likely impacts.

Science Daily Weather
Jul 12, 2021

Mapping extreme snowmelt and its potential dangers
Rapid snowmelt can be dangerous, and understanding its drivers is important for understanding the world under the influence of climate change.

Science Daily Weather
Jul 08, 2021

Remotely-piloted sailboats monitor 'cold pools' in tropical environments
Researchers used remotely-piloted sailboats to gather data on cold air pools, or pockets of cooler air that form when rain evaporates below tropical storm clouds. These hard-to-study phenomena are thought to have broader effects on tropical weather.

Science Daily Weather
Jul 07, 2021

Arctic seabirds are less heat tolerant, more vulnerable to climate change
The Arctic is warming at approximately twice the global rate. A new study finds that cold-adapted Arctic species, like the thick-billed murre, are especially vulnerable to heat stress caused by climate change.

Science Daily Weather
Jul 01, 2021

Last ice-covered parts of summertime Arctic Ocean vulnerable to climate change
Last August, sea ice north of Greenland showed its vulnerability to the long-term effects of climate change. The region, part of what's known as the 'Last Ice Area' that could serve as a refuge for ice-dependent species, may be ice-free in summertime sooner than expected.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 30, 2021

Floods may be nearly as important as droughts for future carbon accounting
In a 34-year global analysis, researchers found that photosynthesis -- an important process for removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and storing it in soil -- was controlled by extreme wet events nearly as often as droughts in certain locations.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 29, 2021

To understand the future of hurricanes, look to the past
New research highlights the importance of understanding sea surface temperatures patterns in predicting future hurricane frequency.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 28, 2021

Mangrove forest study has takeaways for coastal communities
A new article shines light on the effect human-made infrastructure and natural topography has on coastal wetlands after major storm events.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 24, 2021

Artificial intelligence breakthrough gives longer advance warning of ozone issues
Ozone levels in the earth's troposphere (the lowest level of our atmosphere) can now be forecasted with accuracy up to two weeks in advance, a remarkable improvement over current systems that can accurately predict ozone levels only three days ahead. The new artificial intelligence system could lead to improved ways to control high ozone problems and even contribute to solutions for climate change issues.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 24, 2021

Ethane proxies for methane in oil and gas emissions
Measuring ethane in the atmosphere shows that the amounts of methane going into the atmosphere from oil and gas wells and contributing to greenhouse warming is higher than suggested by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, according to an international team of scientists who spent three years flying over three areas of the U.S. during all four seasons.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 24, 2021

Cyclone study improves climate projections
Migrating storms and local weather systems known as cyclones and anticyclones were thought to contribute to behaviors and properties of our global weather system. However, the means to probe cyclones and anticyclones were limited. Researchers demonstrated a new three-dimensional analytical methodology that can quantify the way individual cyclones and anticyclones impact broader weather systems. This study aids longer-term circulation and climate studies, including how storm characteristics may change in the future.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 23, 2021

East Antarctic summer cooling trends caused by tropical rainfall clusters
A study uncovers a new mechanism linking climate trend in Antarctica to rainfall occurrences in the tropics.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 22, 2021

More intense and frequent thunderstorms linked to global climate variability
Large thunderstorms in the Southern Great Plains of the U.S. are some of the strongest on Earth. In recent years, these storms have increased in frequency and intensity, and new research shows that these shifts are linked to climate variability.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 18, 2021

Animals' ability to adapt their habitats key to survival amid climate change
A research group of scientists from North America, Europe and Africa concluded that animals' ability to respond to climate change likely depends on how well they modify their habitats, such as nests and burrows.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 17, 2021

Heat spells doom for Aussie marsupials
When animals are hot, they eat less. This potentially fatal phenomenon has been largely overlooked in wild animals, explain researchers.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 15, 2021

Untapped rice varieties could sustain crop supplies in face of climate change
Local rice varieties in Vietnam could be used to help breed improved crops with higher resilience to climate change, according to a new study. Researchers are aiming to identify varieties that can survive an increasingly unpredictable climate.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 15, 2021

Heat from below: How the ocean is wearing down the Arctic sea ice
The influx of warmer water masses from the North Atlantic into the European marginal seas plays a significant role in the marked decrease in sea-ice growth, especially in winter.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 15, 2021

Plants use a blend of external influences to evolve defense mechanisms
Plants evolve specialized defense chemicals through the combined effects of genes, geography, demography and environmental conditions.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 14, 2021

Scientists expose the cold heart of landfalling hurricanes
Fearsome and powerful, hurricanes can wreak massive destruction when they hit land. But while most hurricanes then weaken, others can strengthen again into extratropical cyclones and caused further damage inland. Now, researchers have used simulations to uncover the presence of a cold core inside decaying hurricanes - an unexpected discovery that could help forecasters predict the level of extreme weather that communities farther inland may face.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 10, 2021

Ocean microplastics: First global view shows seasonal changes and sources
An estimated 8 million tons of plastic trash enters the ocean each year, and most of it is battered by sun and waves into microplastics -- tiny flecks that can ride currents hundreds or thousands of miles from their point of entry.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 10, 2021

Study of Hurricane Harvey flooding aids in quantifying climate change
Researchers used a hydraulic model to consider the degree to which human-caused climate change may have affected flooding in Houston in 2017 during Hurricane Harvey. Resources were used to quantify the increase in Houston flood area and depth and to host a portal where other scientists and the public can access and explore the resulting data.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 10, 2021

Improved climate resilience through better seasonal forecasts
Lack of water, floods, or crop losses: As a result of climate change, pronounced periods of drought and rainfall are causing human suffering and major economic damage. Precise seasonal forecasts can help to mitigate these consequences. A research team has now been able to improve global forecasts using statistical methods so that they can be used on the regional level.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 10, 2021

The rocky road to accurate sea-level predictions
The type of material present under glaciers has a big impact on how fast they slide towards the ocean. Scientists face a challenging task to acquire data of this under-ice landscape. Choosing the wrong equations for the under-ice landscape can have the same effect on the predicted contribution to sea-level rise as a warming of several degrees, according to researchers.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 09, 2021

Warmer temperatures lessen COVID-19 spread, but control measures still needed, study finds
New research shows transmission of the virus behind COVID-19 varies seasonally, but warmer conditions are not enough to prevent transmission.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 09, 2021

Corals' natural 'sunscreen' may help them weather climate change
Scientists are one step closer to understanding why some corals can weather climate change better than others, and the secret could be in a specific protein that produces a natural sunscreen.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 07, 2021

Turning off lights can save migrating birds from crashing into buildings
Forty years of data came together to show just how many birds can be saved by buildings turning their lights off. Using decades' worth of data and birds, researchers found that on nights when half the windows were darkened, there were 11 times fewer bird collisions during spring migration and 6 times fewer collisions during fall migration than when all the windows were lit.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 07, 2021

Conserving coastal seaweed: A must have for migrating sea birds
Ecologists are urging coastal communities to embrace all that the season brings, including the sometimes-unwelcome deposits of brown seaweed that can accumulate on the southern shores.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 03, 2021

Arctic sea ice thinning faster than expected
Sea ice thickness is inferred by measuring the height of the ice above the water, and this measurement is distorted by snow weighing the ice floe down. Scientists adjust for this using a map of snow depth in the Arctic that is decades out of date. In the new study, researchers swapped this map for the results of a new computer model designed to estimate snow depth as it varies year to year.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 03, 2021

Which way does the solar wind blow?
High performance computers are central to the quest to understand the sun's behavior and its role in space weather events. Scientists are using the Frontera supercomputer to improve the state-of-the-art in space weather forecasting. Researchers described the role of backstreaming pickup ions in the acceleration of charged particles in the universe, which play an important role in space weather.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 03, 2021

Are wind farms slowing each other down?
Many countries promote the expansion of wind farms. However, if these offshore wind farms are set up close to each other, wind energy and hence electricity yield is reduced. A study shows that the losses with increasing offshore wind energy production will be considerable and detectable as large scale pattern of reduced wind speed around wind farms.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 03, 2021

Polar vortex, winter heat may change bird populations
Researchers set out to learn how extreme winter cold and heat affected 41 common bird species in eastern North America. They found that individual bird species respond differently to these weather events, and extreme winter heat may lead to longer-term changes in bird populations.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 02, 2021

Record-breaking temperatures more likely in populated tropics
New research shows that most extreme heat events are going to occur in the tropics rather than the poles.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 02, 2021

Less aviation during the global lockdown had a positive impact on the climate, study finds
High levels of aviation drive global warming, not only through greenhouse gas emissions, but also through additional clouds, researchers conclude in a new study.

Science Daily Weather
Jun 01, 2021

Californian smoke drifted as far as Europe in 2020 and caused heavy clouding of sun
The smoke from the extreme forest fires on the US West Coast in September 2020 travelled over many thousands of kilometers to Central Europe, where it continued to affect the atmosphere for days afterwards. A comparison of ground and satellite measurements now shows: The forest fire aerosol disturbed the free troposphere over Leipzig in Germany as never before.

Science Daily Weather
May 31, 2021

Newly discovered African 'climate seesaw' drove human evolution
A scientific consortium has found that ancient El Niño-like weather patterns were the primary drivers of environmental change in sub-Saharan Africa over the last 620 thousand years - the critical time-frame for the evolution of our species. The group found that these ancient weather patterns had more profound impacts in sub-Saharan Africa than glacial-interglacial cycles more commonly linked to human evolution.

Science Daily Weather
May 31, 2021

Global warming already responsible for one in three heat-related deaths
Between 1991 and 2018, more than a third of all deaths in which heat played a role were attributable to human-induced global warming, according to a new article.

Science Daily Weather
May 26, 2021

Record-shattering 2020 trans-Atlantic dust storm
Researchers parsing the mechanism that in June 2020 transported a massive dust plume from Saharan Africa to the Caribbean and U.S. Gulf Coast.

Science Daily Weather
May 20, 2021

Swifts set new record for swiftness
Swifts aren't called 'swifts' for nothing. They're known for being among the fastest migrating small birds around. When they aren't breeding, common swifts stay in the air most of the time -- up to 10 months of the year. Scientists had thought they travel about 500 kilometers per day on average. Now, new evidence shows that's a conservative estimate.

Science Daily Weather
May 19, 2021

Groundwater monitoring with seismic instruments
How can we determine how empty or full the soil reservoir is in areas that are difficult to access? Researchers have now demonstrated an elegant method to track groundwater dynamics in high mountains: They use seismic waves.

Science Daily Weather
May 18, 2021

Why some pockets of conifer survive repeated forest fires
Researchers say topographic templates' can help forest conservation managers develop strategies for protecting and restoring the most fire-resistant parts of vulnerable forests across a range of ecosystems.

Science Daily Weather
May 13, 2021

Antarctic ice sheet retreat could trigger chain reaction
The Antarctic ice sheet was even more unstable in the past than previously thought, and at times possibly came close to collapse, new research suggests.

Science Daily Weather
May 10, 2021

In soil, high microbial fluctuation leads to more carbon emissions
Modeling shows fluctuating soil microbial populations impact how much carbon is released from soil.

Science Daily Weather
May 07, 2021

New gauge on weather forecasts
Studies of long-term hydro-climatic patterns provide fresh insights into the causes of Australia's strong climate variability which affect extreme wet or dry weather and other conditions vital to water supply, agriculture, the environment and the nation's future.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 28, 2021

Using cosmic-ray neutron bursts to understand gamma-ray bursts from lightning
Analysis of data from a lightning mapper and a small, hand-held radiation detector has unexpectedly shed light on what a gamma-ray burst from lightning might look like - by observing neutrons generated from soil by very large cosmic-ray showers.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 23, 2021

Radar satellites can better protect against bushfires and floods
New research has revealed how radar satellites can improve the ability to detect, monitor, prepare for and withstand natural disasters in Australia including bushfires, floods and earthquakes.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 21, 2021

The wave beneath their wings
It's a common sight: pelicans gliding along the waves, right by the shore. These birds make this kind of surfing look effortless, but actually the physics involved that give them a big boost are not simple. Researchers have recently developed a theoretical model that describes how the ocean, the wind and the birds in flight interact.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 21, 2021

The intricate dance between waves, wind, and gliding pelicans explored
It's a common sight: pelicans gliding along the waves, right by the shore. These birds make this kind of surfing look effortless, but actually the physics involved that give them a big boost are not simple. Researchers have recently developed a theoretical model that describes how the ocean, the wind and the birds in flight interact.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 20, 2021

Can extreme melt destabilize ice sheets?
Researchers have deciphered a trove of data that shows one season of extreme melt can reduce the Greenland Ice Sheet's capacity to store future meltwater - and increase the likelihood of future melt raising sea levels.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 19, 2021

Humans are directly influencing wind and weather over North Atlantic
A new study provides evidence that humans are influencing wind and weather patterns across the eastern United States and western Europe by releasing CO2 and other pollutants into Earth's atmosphere.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 15, 2021

AI pinpoints local pollution hotspots using satellite images
Researchers have developed a method that uses machine learning, satellite imagery and weather data to autonomously find hotspots of heavy air pollution, city block by city block. The technique could be a boon for finding and mitigating sources of hazardous aerosols, studying the effects of air pollution on human health, and making better informed, socially just public policy decisions.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 14, 2021

Climate change is making Indian monsoon seasons more chaotic
If global warming continues unchecked, summer monsoon rainfall in India will become stronger and more erratic. This is the central finding of an analysis by a team of researchers that compared more than 30 state-of-the-art climate models from all around the world. The study predicts more extremely wet years in the future - with potentially grave consequences for more than one billion people's well-being, economy, food systems and agriculture.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 13, 2021

Tremors triggered by typhoon talas tell tales of tumbling terrain
A new method was developed for high-resolution detection of landslides based on seismic data. This method was applied to detect landslides that occurred during the transit of Typhoon Talas across western Japan in 2011. Multiple landslides were detected and located, including one in Shizuoka Prefecture, 400 km east of the typhoon's track. The results show that large and small landslides may follow the same scaling relationships. This method may help develop landslide emergency alert technology.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 13, 2021

Snow chaos in Europe caused by melting sea-ice in the Arctic
The April snow falling on fruit blossoms in Europe these days may be directly connected to the loss of the sea ice in the Barents Sea in the Arctic.  That was definitely the case in 2018 when the sudden cold spell known as 'Beast from the East' descended on the mid-latitudes of the continent,  a new study shows.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 08, 2021

Mountain growth influences greenhouse effect
A group of researchers has taken advantage of different erosion rates and investigated how uplift and erosion of rocks determine the balance of carbon emissions and uptake. The surprising result: at high erosion rates, weathering processes release carbon dioxide; at low erosion rates, they sequester carbon from the atmosphere.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 08, 2021

Colorado River basin due for more frequent, intense hydroclimate events
In the vast Colorado River basin, climate change is driving extreme, interconnected events among earth-system elements such as weather and water.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 06, 2021

Droughts longer, rainfall more erratic over the last 50 years in most of Western US
Dry periods between rainstorms have become longer and more erratic across the West during the past 50 years. Total yearly rainfall has decreased by about four inches over the last five decades, with rain falling in fewer and sometimes larger storms, along with longer dry intervals between. The longest dry period in each year increased from 20 to 32 days.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 05, 2021

Lightning strikes will more than double in Arctic as climate warms
Scientists have detailed how Arctic lightning strikes stand to increase by about 100 percent over northern lands by the end of the century as the climate continues warming.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 05, 2021

New study ties solar variability to the onset of decadal La Nina events
A new study shows a correlation between the end of solar cycles and a switch from El Nino to La Nina conditions in the Pacific Ocean, suggesting that solar variability can drive seasonal weather variability on Earth.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 02, 2021

Scientists turn to deep learning to improve air quality forecasts
Air pollution from the burning of fossil fuels impacts human health but predicting pollution levels at a given time and place remains challenging, according to a team of scientists who are turning to deep learning to improve air quality estimates. Results of the team's study could be helpful for modelers examining how economic factors like industrial productivity and health factors like hospitalizations change with pollution levels.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 01, 2021

New promise of forecasting meteotsunamis
On the afternoon of April 13, 2018, a large wave of water surged across Lake Michigan and flooded the shores of the picturesque beach town of Ludington, Michigan, damaging homes and boat docks, and flooding intake pipes. Thanks to a local citizen's photos and other data, scientists reconstructed the event in models and determined this was the first ever documented meteotsunami in the Great Lakes caused by an atmospheric inertia-gravity wave.

Science Daily Weather
Apr 01, 2021

Climate change cut global farming productivity 21% since 1960s
Despite important agricultural advancements to feed the world in the last 60 years, a new study shows that global farming productivity has fallen 21% since the 1960s - the equivalent of losing about seven years of farm productivity increases - all due to climate change.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 31, 2021

Floating gardens as a way to keep farming despite climate change
Bangladesh's floating gardens, built to grow food during flood seasons, could offer a sustainable solution for parts of the world prone to flooding because of climate change, a new study has found.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 30, 2021

Factors that may predict next pandemic
New modeling identifies country-specific human and human-influenced environmental factors associated with disease outbreaks. A country's land area, human population density, and area of forest are associated with zoonotic diseases, like COVID-19. Human development index, average annual temperature, and health expenditure predict other kinds of disease.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 26, 2021

Climate change significantly increases population displacement risk
The risk of people being forced from their homes by flooding increases by half for each additional degree of global warming, as an international research team demonstrates.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 25, 2021

The case of the cloudy filters: Solving the mystery of the degrading sunlight detectors
Sun-facing satellites monitor the Sun's ultraviolet (UV) light to give us advance warning of solar storms. But over the course of just a year or two, the metal filters in the detectors mysteriously lose their ability to transmit UV light. Now, scientists have found the first evidence indicating that carbonization is not the problem.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 24, 2021

Once-in-a-century UK wildfire threats could happen most years by end of century
Researchers looked at current frequency of weather conditions in the UK that present 'very high' or 'exceptional' fire danger, and found these conditions could occur hundreds of times more often in some regions by the 2050s and 2080s as temperatures rise and summer rainfall decreases.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 24, 2021

Extreme temperatures, heat stress and forced migration
Heat extremes will lead to climate-induced waves of migration toward the cooler north.

Science Daily Weather
Mar 22, 2021

Explosive origins of 'secondary' ice and snow
Scientists publish new direct evidence that shattering drizzle droplets drive explosive 'ice multiplication' events. The findings have implications for weather forecasts, climate modeling, water supplies -- and even energy and transportation infrastructure.

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